Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process.
It produces high-quality text and graphics (and moderate-quality photographs) by repeatedly passing a laser beam back and forth over a negatively charged cylinder called a "drum" to define a differentially charged image.1 The drum then selectively collects electrically charged powdered ink (toner), and transfers the image to paper, which is then heated in order to permanently fuse the text, imagery, or both.As with digital photocopiers, laser printers employ a xerographic printing process. However, laser printing differs from analog photocopiers in that the image is produced by the direct scanning of the medium across the printer's photoreceptor. This enables laser printing to copy images more quickly than most photocopiers.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laser_printing
Along with new and efficient printing machines, labels can be ordered even at very low costs without worrying about the exorbitant rate.
Recently also a lot of home brewers begin to label their own beers, of course not for trade, but for example for contests.
Their prices are becoming more affordable and operating costs lower.
Multifunction devices offer increasingly larger scanning resolutions, less margin, larger formats, etc. But still, such home printers are far behind the professional equipment used in professional printers.
Printed roll, solvent, water, anhydrous - long to exchange.The quality of such printouts is higher, which entails the obvious higher costs of printing itself. .